Tuesday, 23 February 2016

Tiger numbers increase in Thailand

Tiger populations in Thailand are improving, according to a new study and surveys taken for the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Patrols in the Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary have been substantially increased and the result is an increase in the tiger population.

"The protection effort is paying off as the years have progressed, as indicated by the increase in recruitment, and we expect the tiger population to increase even more rapidly in the years to come," Somphot Duangchantrasiri, lead author of the study, said in a news release.

The Government of Thailand entered in a partnership with WCS to increase protection in the HKK in the hope of increasing the population of tigers and their prey. It is one of the most important large source areas in Southeast Asia, with at least 90 tigers counted in it.

However, it will take another 10 to 15 years of intensive protection before prey populations attain the densities necessary to support its full carrying capacity.

Still it shows what can be done if there is buy in from the top.

We have lost 97% of wild tigers in just over a century. Tigers may be one of the most revered animals, but they are also vulnerable to extinction. As few as 3,200 exist in the wild today.

Friday, 19 February 2016

Six packs of African Wild Dogs now released in the Serengeti

A total of 17 new  African Wild Dogs (Lycaon Pictus) have just been released in the Serengeti plains, bringing the number of the highly endangered carnivorous species in the country's second largest National Park to nearly 325.

The New Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Professor Jumanne Maghembe presided over the dogs release from the sanctuary in which they had been kept until they were settled.

There are now six packs of dogs in the Serengeti that have been released by the Wild Dog Conservation Project.

The dogs, also know as African Hunting Dogs, or Painted Wolves, were captured in the Loliondo hills, where they were in constant conflict with pastoralists and were in danger of being killed in retaliation for livestock losses.

Wild dogs are the most successful carnivores in terms of hunt to kill ratio.They are more successful
even than lions They bring down 70-80% of what they go after. They run their prey down until it can go no further and then tear at it until it either bleeds to death or dies of shock. They can tackle animals much bigger than themselves, such as the Greater Kudu, easily up to 500lbs weight.

Pack sizes can vary from 2-30 individuals. Apart from the Tazmanian Devil, they have the highest bite strength to size ratio of any carnivore. Only the Alpha male and female will breed but all pack members will take care of the cubs. Females eventually leave the pack they were born in to find a mate and start the nucleus of a new pack.

There fewer than 7000 wild dogs left in Africa thanks to them being regarded as pests by farmers who shot, trapped and poisoned them for many years. They inhabit less than 50 protected national parks and private game reserves in southern and eastern Africa, where the roughly three million-year-old species is making what amounts to a last stand.

They are the most amazing sight to see in the wild as they run through the bush and across the savannah. Luckily there are people out there who are trying to help them.